Follow the Harvest Part 1

March 24, 2021

Follow the Harvest Part 1 - Oasis Date Gardens™

DETHORNING

Can you imagine how painful it would be to get stung by a 5 inch thorn? Date palm thorns are similar to prickles like the ones on roses, but much larger in size considering they can be up to 5 inches long.
Dethorning is the process of removing the thorns (spines) off the palm fronds. The dethorning process is essential in providing a safe work environment in managing the date palm trees during the other stages in the growing process, like pollinating and thinning. Imagine working in one of these palm trees with those long spines! That is why dethorning is a very important activity done prior to harvest. 


The Process of Dethorning

At the beginning of every harvest cycle during the first months of the year, our farmers (also called “Palmeros”) start to dethorn the date palm trees. Spines are removed from each side of the palm frond, one side first then the other, always starting from the bottom and down to the end of the frond. The process to dethorn each palm tree takes about 5 to 10 minutes to be completed. Date palm trees can grow 10 to 26 new palm fronds every year and are located at the top center of the palm tree.

 



EQUIPMENT

To remove these spines, our palmeros use knives; usually a long sharp curved blade with a wooden handle. These tools are mostly brought from Zacatecas, Mexico, The knives from Mexico are more lightweight than the ones created in the USA making it easier for the palmeros to maneuver while cutting the thorns.

The palmeros use two different knives: one is slightly longer and used to cut unwanted palm fronds. The palmero makes a cut in the tail end of the frond, inserts the pointy end of the knife just above the cut, then pulls on the frond to detach and throw to the ground. The other shorter knife is used to dethorn the spines on the palms. It is important for the palmeros to carry sharp knives.

Date palm trees can reach more than 40ft. tall. To go up, farmers use a special ladder. The palmeros also sometimes use mechanical lifts. This ladder has a different top end. It has two metal parts closing in between the two with the end open so they can anchor on one of the palm fronds and lock it in.

 


DATE PALM TREE FACTS

Palmeros find it easier to dethorn taller date palm trees compared to smaller ones. That is because the smaller trees grow a higher amount of thorns which are much thicker than the ones grown on the taller trees.

Out of the 16+ date varieties our farm grows, palmeros have found the Golden Zahidi date to be the least tedious to dethorn as it has fewer thorns.


Follow the story of our harvest to know what's going on in our farms!




Also in Date Harvest

Follow the Harvest Part 2 - Oasis Date Gardens™
Follow the Harvest Part 2

May 27, 2021

Blog By: Margarita Avila

Continue Reading

The Story of Our Harvest - Oasis Date Gardens™
The Story of Our Harvest

August 04, 2020

Oasis Date Gardens takes pride in producing dates that are not only organic but rich in flavor. This is the background of our organic date harvest.

Continue Reading