May 27, 2021
Farmers wait for the protective shell surrounding the flowers of a male palm tree to open. When the shell is slightly open, the farmers tie them together with a cord and wait until ready to cut them entirely from the male trees. Then, our palmeros collect the cut flowers and take them where the pollen is going to be processed.
After the flowers are collected, the shell around them are removed and spread down to dry which can take up to 2 days. Once dry they are thrown into a machine where the pollen is extracted from the seeds.
Once extracted the pollen is transferred to giant sheets of papers and spread into a thin layer to dry for a day or two. Finally, after being fully dried the pollen is moved to containers then transferred to our ranches for our farmers to begin pollinating the female date trees.
Interesting Fact: One may use the pollen from a male date palm variety to pollinate females of many different varieties.
Green open/ Brown closed
The pollination process can take up to two week making it the longest activity before harvest.
Palmeros use the two most effective pollination methods to pollinate our fruit: by hand, used for most date varieties; and by machine,
Pollination by hand becomes more challenging depending on the height of the palm trees. Palmeros need to climb up tall palm trees in order to pollinate by hand. Palmeros use paper bags and a hand pump filled with pollen powder. The bags are set in place to entirely cover each fruit bunch. The bags are securely tied from the end. Then a hole is made on the top of each bag to insert the hand pump and blow the pollen inside the bag.
Pollination by machine blower is totally different. The pollen is loaded onto a machine blower that blows the pollen up to 75 feet up in the air directed at the female flower bunches. There is no need to climb up trees. This process can pollinate many trees at a time making the pollination process fast. As pollen is blown up in the air this method can use up a lot of pollen and our farmers mix our pollen with another type of powder in order to conserve pollen.
Pollen application varies depending on the variety of date tree. For example, our Barhi palm trees have to be pollinated with 100% pollen meaning that the pollen can’t be mixed with something else like talcum powder.
Farmers always make sure to pollinate in the most effective way to ensure we have a good crop year.
Oasis Date Gardens takes care of every detail from the field to your home
to bring you amazing and delicious fruit ready to enjoy!